Iron is essential for proper functioning of the body and assists in the oxygen transportation in blood. Carbonyl iron is one of the variants of mineral iron. It is used to treat iron deficiency and anemia.
Folic acid is needed for the orderly production of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in all tissue cells and is a component of three of the four DNA bases -- thymine, adenine, and guanine -- (the fourth is cytosine). In bone marrow, it is required for the normal production of the red blood cells and for RNA synthesis Folic acid deficiency anemia is common during pregnancy. Both folate and iron are essential for red cell production and during pregnancy there is an increased need to supply both the mother and the developing infant(s)
Zinc is involved in numerous aspects of cellular metabolism. It is required for the catalytic activity of approximately 100 enzymes and it plays a role in immune function , protein synthesis , wound healing, DNA synthesis, and cell division . Zinc also supports normal growth and development during pregnancy, childhood, and adolescence and is required for proper sense of taste and smell . A daily intake of zinc is required to maintain a steady state because the body has no specialized zinc storage system . Pregnant women, particularly those starting their pregnancy with marginal zinc status, are at increased risk of becoming zinc insufficient. Lactation can also deplete maternal zinc stores .